Oriya traditional words. The Ottoman baths (16th century), still retain their initial use, and are one of the oldest Ottoman baths surviving in Europe. Its globe-like roof and modern architectural design enhances the town's northern entrance, taking its place among the other city landmarks. Patras was one of the first cities in which the Greek Revolution began in 1821;[10] the Ottoman garrison, confined to the citadel, held out until 1828. The city has hosted several international sports events, such as the 1995 Basketball Under-19 World Cup (preliminaries), the 1995 Men's European Volleyball Championship (preliminaries), the 1997 Rhythmic Gymnastics European Championships, the 2001 World Wrestling Championships, the EuroBasket 2003 Women, the 2003 International Children's Games, a group stage of the football tournament in the 2004 Olympic Games, the 2007 World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships, the 2008 World Deaf Football Championships and the 2019 Mediterranean Beach Games. Whole plant -  Urinary diseases, bleeding,  stomach trouble,  jaundice, intermittent fever, mouth ulcer, astringent, Fruit-  Ant asthmatic, Purgative, Antipyretic, Tonic, Cough, asthma, skin diseases, hair fall, insomnia, Root, Whole plant -  Nervous disorder, Facial paralysis Cooling, Urinal diseases, Dysentery, astringent & tonic, Seeds- Cough, asthma, cardiac and general debility, digestive, diarrhea, aphrodisiac,  spermatorrhoea, Rhizome-Blood purifier, Antioxidant, Ant asthmatic, Antibiotic, Jaundice, Rhizome - Asthma, leprosy, fever, colic, jaundice, anemia, diabetes, Leaves, seeds - Cough, fever, fungal infection, general debility, skin diseases, vomiting, Bark- Laxative, Digestive,   Diuretic, urinary affections, renal & bladder calculi, digestive, laxative, tuberculosis, obesity, Leaves, Roots- Antispasmodic, Expectorant Hematological and menstrual disorder, asthma,  antispasmodic, cold and cough, skin diseases, hemorrhoid, Fruit-Tooth ache, Bark/ Leaves -Astringent Toothache, gum problem, dysentery, cough, urinary and gynecological problems, Leave- Body pain, Rheumatism , Cough, skin diseases, fever, pain and immflammation,  ear-ache,  insect repellant, Leaf, Fruit, Root- Cooling, Digestive diarrhea, dysentery, acidity, constipation, digestion, diabetes, deodorant, mouth ulcer, general debility, Root, Leaves- Diaphoretic, Stimulant, Refrigerant,  Aromatic, digestive, fever, ,  general debility, menstrual disorder, Whole plant -  Promote hair growth, headache, skin diseases, Whole plant - Anti hepato-toxic, promote hair growth, headache, skin diseases, jaundice & spleen enlargement, fever, acidity, Whole plant-  Tonic, used in jaundice, spleen enlargement, Root tuber -  Refrigerant, Cardiac debility, Tuberculosis,  swollen joint , rejuvenative, Whole plant-Liver tonic, Digestive, Deworming, Skin diseases, Antispasmodic, Anti malarial, Leave- Wound healing, Blood clotting, cough & cold, piles, revitaliser, Whole plant- Insanity, Loss of memory, rheumatism, revitaliser, Root-Anti asthmatic, Leaves-Febrifuge, skin disease, stimulant, Root, Seeds-Rejuvenator, Cardio tonic, Diabetes, Rheumatism, Leaves-skin disease, Cough & Cold, Flower- Antidepressant, Diuretic, Corn, mouth ulcer, anthelmintic, Bark, Flower- Digestive, Fever, Urinary tract infection ,antispasmodic, Wood-Skin rash, Revitaliser, Refrigerant, Diuretic, haemostatic, intellect promoting, Bark, Leaves- Anti Malaria, Anti dysenteric, Spasmolytic, skin disease, cough, asthma, Bark, leaves, flower buds-  Stimulant, digestive, skin diseases, rheumatic arthritis, General debility, urinary tract infection, swelling, rheumatism, digestive, cough, bronchitis, diuretic/ skin diseases, worm infection, constipation. Patras has also a very strong indie rock scene with critically acclaimed bands such as Raining Pleasure, Abbie Gale, Serpentine, Doch an Doris and others. The city is also a host to the FORTH-ICE-HT (Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes)[52] and the Institute of Biomedical Technology. Patras has several packing and industrial equipment companies. Ethnobotanical study was carried out in the coastal districts of Odisha during 2010-2011 to document the medicinal utility of plants. The Computer Technology Institute and the Industrial Systems Institute[51] of Greece are headquartered in Patras. The city hosts consulates from the following countries:[citation needed]. Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 ha (74 acres), north of the city centre. [64] A mini ring road (known as the "Mini bypass" of Patras) is now being constructed to alleviate heavy traffic-related problems in the city centre. Patras was the first Greek city to introduce public electrified tramways in the past. Panachaiki Gymnastiki Enosi, Apollon Patras, E.A. Patras is also famous for supporting an indigenous cultural scene active mainly in the performing arts and modern urban literature. Patras companies also focus in dress production, the most important among them being DUR. There are factories from Coca-Cola HBC and Athenian Brewery established in area, along with the facilities of the largest local company in soft-drinks production, Loux (ΛΟΥΞ). Pasaruni Bara : Pasaruni Patra - 5 bunch Chawal - 250g Chopped Onion - 1Cup Fruit juice -Stomachic, Appetizer Digestive, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Antiseptic, Stimulant, Bark - Astringent, ophthalmic, bleeding gums, Whole plant-Febrifuge, Galactogogue,  Skin  & eye diseases, hemorrhoids, Root, Flower, Seeds-Anti obesity,  Aromatic, expectorant, skin diseases, cardiac tonic, wound & hemorrhage Leaves-Asthma, Bark-Ulcer, Bleeding gum, Flower-Stimulant, , tonic & aphrodisiac Antihelmintic, Flower, Root -  Blood purifier, emmanagogue,  ear nose & throat diseases, ringworm, ulcers, Flower- Hair tonic, Leave-De-worming, foot burning Gynecological  problems, easy child birth, growth of hair, head and heart weakness, Leave –Skin infection, Antifungal, Hair conditioner, menstrual disorders,  burning sensation, premature graying of hair, skin diseases, blood purifier, Fruit, Flower, Bark-Astringent, antibacterial Tonic, carminative, hic -cough, diarrhea, dysentery, gynecological disorder, anemia, Stem, bark, leaf - Antibacterial, dysentery, spermatorrhoea, sprains, wound & boils, Fruit, Bark, Root -Stomachic, urinary diseases,  astringent, colic, expectorant, scabies, Bark, Flower-Blood purifier, Urinary infection Gynecological disorder , urinary problem, seminal weakness, cough, skin diseases, bleeding piles, ringworm & ulcers, Root - Blood dysentry, fever, cough, indigestion, wound, Flower-  Cough & cold, Expectorant, analgesic, bleeding piles, burning feet, astringent, aphrodisiac, fever, dysentery, Leaves, Fruit-Antimicrobial, Antifungal, Antiviral ,  Antipyretic,  Antiseptic, Blood purifies, Skin diseases,  Mouth diseases, Wound, Leave, Root - Blood purifier, Gynecological trouble, Eczema,  Hematological and menstrual disorder, antispasmodic, expectorant, skin diseases,  general debility, Rhizome- Carminative, External injury, Snake bite, Flower-Haemostatic, Urinary disorder,  Skin & urine diseases, piles, aphrodisiac, antihelminitic, Bark-Dropsy & bowel complaint, Aphrodisiac, Antihelmintic,  haemostatic,  Seed oil -Skin disease & anointing, Rhizomer- Tonic, Bronchitis, Asthma, Nutritious Carminative, Cardio tonic, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Seminal disorder, Bronchitis, Asthma, General debility, Root-Rheumatism, Blood dysentery, fever, analgesic, leucoderma, gynecological  disorders, Unripe fruit-Astringent, Ripe fruit-Laxative, Rhizome- Digestive, Appetizer, cold & cough, asthma, worms, skin diseases, stimulant, Leaves-Body ache, Digestive, Diarrhea, Rheumatism, fever, colic, insomnia, Root-  High Blood pressure, Sedative, insanity, chest  & abdominal pain, Seed-Narcotic, Root-Astringent,  Appetizer, diuretic, expectorant, rheumatism, general debility & Fever. Flower, Leaves, Root -Astringent, cardiac tonic Blood purifier, gynecological problem, cough, ringworm & ulcers. The latter hosts a full-time professional theatre group, while there are several amateur groups performing in the city. [citation needed] There are also a number of dance schools, and there are plans to set up a dance theatre within the context of the Patras Municipal and Regional Theatre. [38][39] ECOFEED operates in the industrial zone of Patras, the largest fish-feeds factory in the Mediterranean. Patras Science Park is an incubator for many small but upcoming technology companies. Curry leaves, or kadi patta, are aromatic herbs used for medicinal and culinary purposes. On the obverse is the logo for Patras 2006 around the words "European Capital of Culture". nervous debility, rheumatic pain, grey hair, Leaves-Anthelmintic, Antispasmodic, carminative, Flower, Fruit-Cough, Urinary disorder, Fever, vomiting,  asthma, diuretic, skin diseases, Leave- Rheumatism, Debility, Cough, cold, fever, fatigue, Indigestion, Constipation, Flower-Astringent, Skin diseases, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Fruit- Tonic, Gastritis, Bark-Astringent. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. The city is built at the foot of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras. It was in Roman times that it became an important port. 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