Transmission electron microscopy to study effects of radiation damage on the size and distribution of quantum dots in solar cells. Superconductivity, topological insulators and behavior of electrons in low-dimensional materials. Carnegie - Global Ecology, Earth System Science. How the geologic structures created by faults, fractures and folding affect hydrocarbon recovery and the flow of groundwater. Interaction of law and science in the arena of climate change. Doping titanium dioxide nanowires for enhanced photoelectrochemical performance. Turbulence interactions with dispersed particles and droplets, such as with pulverized coal combustors and fast-fluidized beds. Hydrogen-rich, crystalline solids. High-temperature cuprate and pnictide superconductors. Fundamental and applied electrochemistry: solar fuels, fuel cells, and batteries. EE Student Information, Spring Quarter through Academic Year 2020-2021: Integrated Circuits and Power Electronics, Photonics, Nanoscience and Quantum Technology. Energy efficiency in optical and wireless access networks. Electrocatalysts to convert CO2 and feedstocks to higher value materials. Some of the activities in this report are sponsored by GCEP, while others are sponsored by outside organizations. Energy resources of sedimentary basins. Unconventional superconductivity. Applying an electric field to the film to induce directionally dependent properties in polymer crystallites to enhance electron mobility. Mechanical Engineering, Precourt Institute, Thermoelectrics, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Electric Grid, Grid Scale Storage, Climate, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Renewable Fuels. Green Computing, Thermoelectrics, Photovoltaics, Energy & Behavior, Sensors & Data, Transportation. Quantifying wind, water, and solar energy resources and reducing the impacts of their intermittency. Reducing the settling rate of the proppant particles, typically sand. Designing "stealth interventions" that harness the motivating characteristics of social movements to promote the overlapping goals of environmental sustainability and health. Sign up for our email. Climate benefits of converting biofuel crops from annual plants to perennials. Green energy-efficient networks. Modern computational approaches to electron and photon dynamics. Development of silicon-based microphotonic functionality and plasmonic devices to manipulate the flow of light at the nanoscale. Flow and heat transfer in complex turbulent flows. Disinfection byproducts in drinking water impacted by shale gas wastewater. Updates will be posted on this page, as well as emailed to the EE student mail list. Biosynthesis and molecular-scale recycling of bioplastics and biocomposites. Correlated electron materials, in which the low energy degrees of freedom behave qualitatively differently than a free electron gas. Co-firing coal and biomass during combustion and gasification. Potential damping effect of large, ocean-based wind farms on hurricanes. Reducing the environmental impacts of energy systems. Strengths and weaknesses of a carbon tax. Applications include hydrogen and methanol generation through photocatalysis, reduction of methane emissions, PV solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells and batteries. We combine theory, experiments, and computation to understand and influence the global energy resources landscape. Photonic band gap materials and nanoscale photonic devices. Coal and biomass conversion in supercritical water for production of liquid fuels. Carbon-based devices. Oxide-derived metal nanoparticle catalysts. Precourt Institute, Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy & Finance, Transportation, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation. Optimization of subsurface flow operations and energy systems. Printable, electrically conductive gel for potential use in energy storage and biofuel cells. Designer materials and nanoelectronics. Stanford scientists are exploring new technologies that exploit the tremendous amount of heat radiated from the sun. Aspects of petroleum genesis, production and environmental remediation of oil spills. Transition metal catalysts for direct-hydrocarbon fuel cells. Metabolic processes of anaerobic microorganisms and their application in bioenergy. Developing a community-based program for reducing residential energy use, working with Girl Scouts. Topological phases of matter. Diamondoids-nanostructured diamond. Research Area: Energy Sustainability. SLAC, Stanford Institute for Materials & Energy Science. SLAC - Photon Science, Stanford Institute for Materials & Energy Science, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Superconductors, Photovoltaics. Climate, Water, Natural Gas, Unconventional Oil & Gas, Tax & Regulation. Circuit, architecture and application optimization tools to minimize energy needed for each task. Developing monocrystalline germanium III-V solar cell with efficiencies near the best multi-junction cells and manufacturing cost approaching the conventional crystalline silicon technology. Ways for the construction industry to overcome barriers to adopting energy-efficient innovations. Methods for least cost integration of intermittent renewable resources. Models for predicting performance of conventional and non-conventional hydrocarbon reservoirs (including shale oil and gas), and CO2 sequestration operations. Efficient, low-polluting transportation engines (piston and turbine) by taking reactants to extreme states of energy density, and advanced electric generation. Entrepreneurship education regarding high-growth and technology enterprises, in particular energy-related technologies. Methane leaks from US natural gas system. Combined cooling, heating and power system for the home with thermoacoustic Stirling engine core fueled by natural gas and solar thermal energy. Our current, highly diverse approach to research positions us well to contribute to this rapidly changing landscape. Geological & Environmental Sciences, SLAC - Photon Science. Underestimation of U.S. methane emissions from oil and natural gas extraction and processing, (as well non-energy sources). Hybrid and electric vehicles. Computing the life-cycle health, environmental and climate change damages associated with different transportation strategies. Microbial conversion of sewage to methane. Applications include lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, CIGS solar cells, transparent electrodes and using carbon nanotubes in microbial fuel cell electrodes. Homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Well test interpretation. Your source for engineering research and ideas Energy efficient computing based on architectures, runtime environments and parallel computer systems. Applying this to new materials and processes for next generation low-cost solar cells, fuel cells and catalysts. Buildings, Air Quality, Climate, Combustion, Wind. Search In 2009, Chu became President Barack Obama’s secretary of energy, and then returned to Stanford’s faculty both in physics and at the medical school in 2013. Fundamental laser-matter interactions in solids in the high-field limit. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Solar Thermal. © Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305. Economic, political and food-security implications of American ethanol. Materials with unconventional magnetic and electronic properties. Reducing plug loads to achieve net-zero energy buildings. Wireless technology, including channel modeling, multiuser communications, signal processing and system design, for use in smart grids, automated highways and intelligent home electronics. Assessment of air pollutant dispersion and mixing indoors, including the effects of energy-efficient building design strategies on indoor pollutant levels. Combustion, Unconventional Oil & Gas, Geothermal, Photovoltaics. Communal anaerobic digesters as a waste-to-energy strategy to provide sanitation and clean energy, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions relative to conventional septic tanks. Produce scientific knowledge to guide policies on energy extraction and global warming. Structural characterization of materials used for energy conversion and storage, especially graphenefor thin films for solar cells, and also lithium-sulfur batteries for electric cars, high-temperature proton exchange membrane for fuel cells. Tom's research group is focused on fundamental catalytic processes occurring on solid-state surfaces in both the production and consumption of energy. Aeronautics & Astronautics, Mechanical Engineering. Atomic scale synthesis and control of complex oxides heterostructures for energy applications, including superconductors, catalysis and charge storage. Deep-water sedimentation, especially using outcrops and cores to study the processes by which coarse sediment is transported and deposited in the deep sea. Design of cap-and-trade systems. Molecular analysis of organic extracts from sediments and petroleum. Photosynthetic membranes and their catalytic behavior. Since 2010, we have committed over $6 million to 21 such research projects, which we call "seed grants." Affective, cognitive and social web interfaces for reducing energy use. Sustainable, durable construction materials. Geochemical and hydrological interactions that optimize the formation of carbonates and the physical trapping of CO2, with a view to enhance reaction kinetics, reduce cost and increase storage security. Energy market design and monitoring. Discovering new, chemically stable nanomaterials for thermionic energy conversion. Permeability of CO2 and brine, especially sensitivity to injection flow-rate and various fluid properties. Integrated assessment. Electrical Engineering, SLAC - Photon Science. Rate constants for reactions of OH with fuels. More details on projects in energy are provides in the following research subareas. Optimizing materials for photon-enhanced thermionic emission. Performance of the emerging global market for GHG permits and offsets. The plant growth hormone brassinosteroid, which regulates cell elongation, photosynthesis, flowering, light response, and stress tolerance. Energy resource planning. Energy Modeling Forum, Management Science & Engineering, Climate, Integrated Modeling, Energy Markets, National Security. SIEPR researchers are using the tools of economics to analyze the impact of environmental policy decisions being made in the United States and abroad. Geophysical characterization of the chemical and physical changes that a rock formation undergoes upon the injection of fluids for storage, as with sequestration of CO2, or for the production of fossil energy, i.e., hydraulic fracturing and formation damage.Unpredicted rock alterations can lead to ground contamination, ineffective stimulation and seismic activity. Management Science & Engineering, Precourt Energy Efficiency Center, Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Heating & Cooling, Transportation, Climate, Integrated Modeling, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Law, Management & Innovation, Tax & Regulation. Coal and biomass utilization in solid oxide fuel cells with CO2 capture. Fundamentals of transport of groundwater and contaminants. Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering. Stanford offers more than 200 energy courses and a number of energy degrees. Reducing wind power costs by improving forecasts and buying replacement power later. Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP), long-term research effort led by Stanford University for the development of a global energy system with low greenhouse emissions National oil companies. New types of long life, safe and inexpensive alkali metal batteries to connect wind and solar sources to the electrical grid. Developing large-scale clean, renewable energy solutions to global warming, air pollution and energy security. Determining the electronic structure of transition metal complexes, which are utilized in oxidation catalysis and fuel cells to facilitate and control oxygen activation and reduction. Basin and petroleum basin systems modeling. Energy technology assessment. Control technologies for networked and distributed systems, including the electric system. Generating bioenergy in the form of hydrocarbons and electricity from living cells. Understanding and controlling surface and interfacial chemistry, and materials synthesis. ee research @ stanford: the big picturephysical technology & scienceintegrated circuits & power electronicsbiomedical devices, sensors & systemsenergy harvesting & conversionphotonics, nanoscience and quantum technologynanotechnology & nems/memselectronic devicesinformation systems & sciencecontrol & optimizationinformation theory & applicationscommunications systemssocietal Matching solar supply with businesses that have price-sensitive demand. Economics of CO2 capture by fossil fuel power plants. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Buildings, Thermoelectrics, Transportation. We train future leaders in the science and engineering of Earth's energy resources. U.S. energy policy and its effects on domestic and international political priorities, national security, the economy and global climate. Chemical Engineering, TomKat Center for Sustainable Energy, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics, Renewable Fuels. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Grid Scale Storage. Electrochemical CO2 and nitrogen gas reduction. Enhanced oil recovery. Developing an efficient low-power microprocessor. Thermal transport across interfaces between dissimilar materials. Big data analytics for asset management. Applying experimental approaches from public health and medical research to develop family-, school-, and community-based interventions to promote residential, transportation and food-related energy-saving behaviors. Sugar and ethanol production as a rural development strategy in Brazil. Low-to-intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Using molecular beam epitaxy of III-V compound semiconductor materials to investigate new materials and nano structuring for high efficiency solar cells and photo electrochemical water splitting for the generation of hydrogen. Behavior of materials under compression, which can lead to new materials for hydrogen storage and advanced batteries. Use of orientation dynamics in thin-film solar cells. Transportation, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Combustion. Coal-fired power with CO2 capture via combustion in supercritical saline aquifer water. Producing ethanol from carbon monoxide gas with a copper catalyst. Specialized magnetic nanoprobes. Such skills and knowledge include resource assessment, choices among energy alternatives, and carbon management, as well as the basic scientific background and technical skills common to engineers. Multijunction photovoltaic cell using nanowire-based subcells connected in parallel and a plasmonic electrode serving both as a lateral spectral filter and as a light concentrator. On the macro level, electronic loads, such as data centers, smart appliances, and electric vehicles, are poised to overtake traditional industrial loads in consumption share. Chemistry, SLAC - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource. This database covers energy-related research at Stanford, SLAC, Hoover Institution and the Carnegie Institution departments at Stanford. Climate, CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Natural Gas, Unconventional Oil & Gas. Energy efficiency technology, policy and economics. Climate and electricity policy. Materials Science & Engineering, SLAC - Photon Science. Energy efficiency analysis. Creating valuable products from organic waste streams. Suspension and settling of particles in viscoelastic fluids in hydraulic fracturing to prop open the fractures. Emerging business models at the interface of data sharing platforms and energy systems. Inference of fracture geometry from resonant frequencies and attenuation.Fault damage zones impact on the flow characteristics of fractured reservoirs, and predicting fault damage zones. (Instructor) Expertise in life-cycle environmental impacts and tradeoffs in the energy industry. The future of global oil resources, supply and demand. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Electric Grid, Grid Scale Storage, Photovoltaics. Life-cycle analysis of transportation fuels. Stanford University scientist Mark Jacobson has developed a 50-state roadmap for transforming the United States from dependence on fossil fuels to 100 percent renewable energy by 2050. In-situ remediation of radioactive waste. Electricity and petroleum markets analysis. Fuel cells for methane, hydrogen and solid fuel conversion. Hydroxylation of methane (and other simple hydrocarbons) using copper and iron to produce methanol, which could reduce oil dependence and GHG emissions. Batteries & Fuel Cells, Combustion, Photovoltaics, Renewable Fuels. Reservoir geomechanics with emphasis on shale gas and tight gas reservoirs, hydraulic fracturing, the occurrence of induced and triggered earthquakes, and the feasibility of long-termgeologic sequestration of CO2. Energy-Efficient computing. Emerging computer systems, such as low-power wireless sensor networks and full duplex wireless. Tiny, highly efficient semiconductor laser for optical data interconnects that use light to communicate with higher speed and smaller energy consumption than conventional electrical interconnects, Electrical Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering. Systems and controls analysis of power systems with distributed generation. Venture capital formation for energy technologies. Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy & Finance, Economic Development & Equity, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Tax & Regulation. The construction industry's barriers to adopting energy-efficient innovations. Interactions between climate and large-scale solar energy projects. Power electronics, RF power amplifiers, resonant converters, soft switching topologies and design of power converters for operation in harsh environments. Unmanned electric vehicles. Characteristics of of airborne particles emitted from urban combustion sources. Monitoring and interpreting processes of opinion formation and change. Our scholars work closely with scientists, engineers, and policymakers to develop and analyze economically viable approaches to Energy production optimization. Oxidative conversion of natural gas into liquid fuels without CO2 release. Probabilistic and statistical tools for modeling the reliability of nuclear power plants and nuclear waste repositories. Theory and modeling for new, energy-related materials and nanomaterials. Stanford Earth and other schools at Stanford are investing heavily in research aimed at developing new approaches, technologies, and policies for a reliable, affordable, and low- or no-carbon energy future. EE Student Information, Spring Quarter through Academic Year 2020-2021: FAQs and Updated EE Course List. Energy Markets and Policy GSBGEN 336 (Win) Energy, the Environment, and the Economy ECON 17N (Win) Regulatory Economics ECON 158 (Win) Regulatory Economics LAW 1056 (Win) Research Methods and Policy Applications I INTLPOL 301A (Aut) Research Methods and Policy Applications II INTLPOL 301B (Win) Sustainable Energy for 9 Billion ENERGY 104 (Spr) Precourt Institute, Stanford Environmental & Energy Policy Analysis Center, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Law, Tax & Regulation. Combined cooling, heating and power system for the home with thermoacoustic Stirling engine. Stanford Institute for Materials & Energy Science. Flow of complex mixtures (oil, gas and water) in porous rocks and in pipes. Using avatars and virtual reality simulations to reduce energy use through reexamination of personal energy behavior and by connecting specific energy use and environmental consequences. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Natural Gas. Aeronautics & Astronautics, Electrical Engineering. Modeling and control of exhaust gas and particulate mitigation devices. The back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle, mainly nuclear materials and the geochemistry of radionuclides with application to permanent geologic disposal. Our research investigates techniques such as demand response and the use of energy storage to reduce peak demand and address variability of renewable energy. Continuous passive seismic monitoring for detection of CO2 plumes in geologic sequestration projects. Cost competitiveness of renewable energy sources, including solar PV, wind and biofuels. Understanding energy efficiency behavior selection and plasticity, and tests of adoption. The Energy Resources Engineering curriculum provides a sound background in basic sciences and their application to practical problems to address the complex and changing nature of the field. Using anaerobic bacteria to convert organic waste to methane gas for fuel to convert wastewater to drinking water. Optics, photonics and optical materials. CO2 and water electrolysis for energy storage (methane). SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Nano electromechanical relays for ultra-low power computation. Impacts on climate of converting land use from food to biofuel crops. Sequestration of greenhouse gases in oil and gas reservoirs.Physics of oil recovery at scales from pore to reservoir. Novel materials for thermoelectric waste-heat recovery in vehicles and buildings. Characterizing and modeling the fundamental micromechanical and photochemical mechanisms that dictate the reliability and lifetimes of emerging energy technologies, including solar cells and their modules, PEM fuel cells, and batteries. Properties of passivated silicon surfaces prepared using wet chemical techniques. Strong correlation effects in electronic materials and devices. Electron transfer between electrodes and among redox species. Using incentive mechanisms and societal networks for reducing congestion-related costs in transportation, both public and private. Yang and Yamazaki Energy & Environment Building, Precourt Institute Energy Advisory Council. Obama administration's "Clean Power Plan.". Optimization of oil field development and operations. Use of nanowires in thin-film solar cells to boost efficiency. Multi-scale imaging of energy materials. Co-evolution of technology and policy on the business case of low-carbon energy solutions. Coal-based power generation involving coal conversion in supercritical water with CO2 capture and aquifer-based sequestration. Consequences of switching land use to biofuels. Applications from server farms to imagers in mobile platforms. Methods to project trends in energy technology innovations and associated new business models. Deep CO2 sequestration and earthquake triggering. Metal-oxide semiconductor anodes for oxidation of water. Sequestering CO2 in deep underground formations. Tuning electronic and optical properties of materials and nanostructures using electrolyte gating, to optimize materials for energy conversion. Global potential of bioenergy. Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP), long-term research effort led by Stanford University for the development of a global energy system with low greenhouse emissions Current trends in energy industries. Analysis of CO2 capture technologies. The winners are chosen through an annual competitive process. Understanding mechanisms plants use to produce complex molecules for future use in synthetic production of energy feedstocks. Turning wastewater treatment into a producer of energy instead of a consumer. Multijunction nanowire solar cells. Urban water infrastructure and the water/energy nexus. Models for new energy paradigms for developing novel materials for superconductors, photovoltaics and batteries. Flow imaging to delineate the mechanisms of oil, water and gas flows in porous rock. Education, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Transportation. Multi-exciton generation efficiency in nano-structured materials. The effects of aircraft on climate and pollution. New, fast burning fuels for application to hybrid propulsion. The environmental and economic impacts of U.S. and international environmental policies, including policies to deal with climate change, and with pollution from power plants and automobiles. Research pathways to low-carbon energy systems. Names link to individual profile pages, which include contact information. Evaluating U.S. oil security, import reliance and oil markets.GHG emissions and economic implications of new shale gas supplies. Improving methods for use of atmospheric observations of GHG from remote sensors. Resources for Current Students. In the Mechanical Engineering Department at Stanford University, ... (biosynthesis of fuels) and other fields. Future of stationary power: electricity grid and natural gas infrastructure, system integration and innovative technologies, finance, policy and business models. Energy Resources Engineering. Buildings, Energy & Behavior, Green Computing, Sensors & Data, Transportation, Batteries & Fuel Cells, Electric Grid, Grid Scale Storage, Air Quality, Climate, Integrated Modeling, Natural Gas, Economic Development & Equity, Energy Markets, Finance & Subsidies, Management & Innovation, Bioenergy, Photovoltaics, Renewable Fuels, Wind. Geothermal, oil and gas reservoir engineering. We are committed to leading the way to provide the people, methods, and tools for sustainable management of the Earth's energy resources. Program on Energy & Sustainable Development, Air Quality, Economic Development & Equity, Energy Markets, Management & Innovation. Market-based valuation of renewable power plants' ecological benefits. Stanford also hosts more than a dozen centers and programs focused on energy research. Coal-fired fuel cell with CO2 capture. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Natural Gas, Unconventional Oil & Gas. Model and analyze efficient market mechanisms for resource allocation on the grid, using tools from operations research, engineering and economics. Characterization and monitoring of petroleum and carbon storage systems. Overview of advanced batteries. Tailoring solid-state surfaces for effective catalysis in both the production and consumption of energy. Physics, Stanford Institute for Materials & Energy Science. Impact of deliberative polling, (which explores how people's opinions would change if they were more informed), on energy choices, attitudes toward renewable energy and energy conservation. Gas mileage standards. Quantum magnetism. Energy Research at Stanford The GCEP staff coordinates the Energy Research at Stanford Report, a compilation of abstracts highlighting the wide range of energy-related research taking place across the Stanford campus. Hydrogen absorption and desorption in individual palladium nanocrystals. Energy supply and water supply interactions. Earth System Science, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. Magnetic signatures of materials with quantum mechanical and strongly correlated electron behavior. Potential energy applications of ultrathin films and amphiphiles. Synthetic oxygenated fuels. Sensor systems for extreme harsh environments, applicable to hydrocarbon exploration, gas turbines, car and plane engines, and geothermal generation. Impact of rock type, porosity, pore fluids, temperature, and stress on seismic wave propagation. Nitrous oxide as a propellant for small space thrusters. Materials for the reversible sequestration of pollutants and for electro- and photo-catalytic conversions relevant for clean energy. How institutional factors affect the diffusion of technologies, from central electricity generation to cook stoves. HVAC energy efficiency. Stanford Energy is brought to you by the Precourt Institute for Energy. A new palette for urban water that saves water, energy and money. Water oxidation with metal-oxide semiconductor anodes. Managing the global expansion of nuclear power while avoiding the proliferation of nuclear weapons, with special attention to the nuclear aspirations of states such as North Korea and Iran. CO2 sequestration in coal beds. Sensors for advanced combustion. Improving the use of energy-economic models for evaluating energy security, energy price shocks and the energy market impacts of environmental policies. Buildings, Sensors & Data, Electric Grid, Energy Markets, Wind. Making nuclear power safer globally, both in terms of accidents and nuclear weapons proliferation. CO2 Capture, Storage & Conversion, Unconventional Oil & Gas. With core expertise in fluid dynamics, computational engineering, and electrokinetic phenomena, we investigate a concept idea for improving efficiency of plasma-based CO2 converters. 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